Pest Library – A Database of Commonly Found Pests in Canada

Identifying a pest and its habits is crucial to find out an effective ways to control them. If you have just encounter a pest and are not able to identify that, then the Pest Library of will surely help you in identifying them.

The Pest Library provides you comprehensive information about different types of pests commonly found in residential and commercial settings.


Cockroaches Cockroaches can grow up to 1 to 1.2 inches in size and are of reddish brown on color. They have long legs and can run at the speed of 3 MPH. There are around 30 species of cockroaches found around the world. They generally eat about anything and are most commonly found in dark an moist areas. In residential settings, they find kitchens, bathrooms, garages and utility boxes apt for development.

Types of Cockroaches

  • American Cockroach
  • Brown-Banded Cockroach
  • German Cockroach
  • Madagascar Cockroach
  • Oriental Cockroach
  • Smoky Brown Cockroach

Rat and Mice

Rat and MiceRat and mice are common rodents generally found in commercial and residential areas. They are generally tiny rodents of black or brown color with long tails. Rat and mice belong to same family and create equal nuisance during infestation. They are generally recognized for causing immense property damage. They can gnaw on the plumbing pipes and electrical wires leading to extreme destruction. They keep on moving in search of food and form their colony in those areas offering sufficient food and water to them.

Bed Bug

Bed Bug Bed bugs are oval shaped, rusty brown colored insects. They are of approx 3mm long having flat body structure. The bug elongates with it fills with blood. These bugs hide behind cracks during day time. They feed on blood and takes about 3 to 10 minutes to complete. It is generally not possible for the host to recognize the bed bug feeding on them. The area may cause irritation or itchiness once the bug has fed.


Ant Ants are of three kinds: Pharaoh, Pavement and Carpenter. Pharaoh ants are small ants of 1.5 to 2 mm in size. They are of golden yellowish to reddish in color. They are mostly found near the water sources and moist areas around the kitchen counter tops, splash boards etc. Pavement ants are dark colored pests of 1.6 to 1.8 inches with stiff hairs. They mostly nest outside under the stones, slabs, walls, floors and insulation.

Carpenter ants are the largest ant species ranging between 1/8 to ½ inches. They are generally black in color but some species are also red and brown. They nest in wood and become active at night.


Hornets Hornets are social insect living in a colony of 100 to 400 members. They are of around 2.2 inches in size having 20 species in the world. They are usually active in summers and nest in trees, shrubs, houses, sheds or other structures. Their nest can be of 14 to 24 inches in diameter. Hornets are most aggressive members of wasp family. They tend to attack anyone trying to invade their territory. Some of the hornet species contains dangerous venom that can even cause death. Itchiness, swelling and irritation are common signs after hornet stings.

Bees and Wasps

Bees and Wasps Bees and wasps are generally active in summers causing great nuisance. Bees have furry body and size ranges between 1.3 cm to 2.5 cm. Whereas, wasps have little or not hair and are of 1.9 to 3.5 cm in size. They live in colonies and sting people invading their nests that creates a lot of pain. Some of the bees and wasps species are more aggressive. They feed on insects such as caterpillars, flies and other pests. The best time to exterminate them is at night when they are less active.


Spider Spiders are the most scary and dangerous insects. They have eight legs and They create a lot of nuisance if found indoors. There are numerous species of spiders found across the world. Some of the species have dangerous venom that can even lead to death. They are of different colors, black, reddish, yellowish or brown. They can be easily found in gardens, kitchens, under stones, insulation etc. Spiders feed on insects and other pests.


Fleas Fleas are small wingless pests having around 2000 species. They feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals such as cat and dogs. They can live for 100 days and can transport themselves from one rodent to other. They can transmit bacterial diseases from one body to another also leading to allergic reactions in humans. Flea management is crucial to safeguard your pets from being their host.


Flies There are three kinds of flies: Fruit flies, Cluster flies and Bottle flies. Fruit flies are yellow brown or dark brown in color and are of 1/8 inch long. They consider bins, fruits and vegetables as an ideal place. Cluster flies are 3/8 inch in size. They are found in residential areas and are really annoying. They are more active on warm days in winters. Bottle flies are of ¼ to ½ inch in size having metallic blue green appearance. They feed on decaying bodies of insects and rodents.

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